Yan Hu's briefing on "the system of international trade in services" answering a reporter's question


In order to establish international standards in line with China's system of trade in services statistics, science, effectively trade in services, trade in services for the development of national policies to provide data information services, the Ministry of Commerce and the National Bureau of Statistics in accordance with international standards, combined with recent years, China's trade in services And the development of the characteristics common to develop a "system of international trade in services" (hereinafter referred to as "the statistical system"), in November 2007 jointly issued (TDC service providers [2007] No. 464), and since 2008 1 1st come into force.

A few days ago, the Ministry of Commerce on Trade in Services Division Secretary Hu rock on "statistical system" to answer a reporter's question.

I, "statistical system" introduced to fill the domestic trade in services in the field of system-level gap for China's trade in services is important to the development. Please tell us about the Secretary Hu "statistical system" introduced the background.

[Secretary Hu Yan] trade in services is the development of national policies on trade in services as well as the scientific development of trade in services an important basis for the work, the development of trade in services statistics system was successfully carried out trade in services statistics are the necessary conditions.

From the successful implementation of trade in services statistics of countries or regions, are legal, under the protection of the system to effectively carry out the work of trade in services. The United States Congress in 1985 passed the "International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act" (International Investment and Trade in Services Survey), authorized by the U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) of the United States for trade in services statistics on primary and most important release institutions, and BEA authorized for the industry trading services to the mandatory survey of international direct investment, as well as mandatory investigation in order to protect the United States trade in services work smoothly. Hong Kong, China under the "Census and Statistics Ordinance" (Chapter 316) and its subsidiary legislation to collect statistics on trade in services, which is Hong Kong's trade in services in the field of the most important piece of legislation.

From the Chinese situation, a long time, due to the lack of trade in services statistics system, the lack of centralized management of trade in services statistics, trade in services statistics work is clearly behind developed countries (regions). "11th Five-Year Plan" made clear China's service trade development of the strategic objectives of trade in services has also put forward an urgent demand. Against this background, in April 2006, the Ministry of Commerce on Trade in Services Division set up immediately after China embarked on trade in services statistics. After repeated studies, argues that the Ministry of Commerce and the National Bureau of Statistics jointly formulated the "statistical system", a scientific and effective organizations of the Chinese trade in services statistics.

Second, the "statistical system" to develop the legal basis for what?

[Secretary Hu Yan], "statistical system", "Foreign Trade Law of the People's Republic of China" and the "Statistics Law of the People's Republic" and its implementation based on rules.

Third, "the statistical system" is how the convergence with international standards?

[Secretary Hu Yan] in accordance with international norms and standards in conjunction with the actual situation in China, "the statistical system" set up China's trade in services statistics on the scope and content. "Statistical system" adopted by the United Nations and other international organizations in the six co-edited the "Handbook of international trade in services" in the proposed basic framework for trade in services.

According to the "Handbook of international trade in services," the proposed basic principles of international trade in services followed, "the General Agreement on Trade in Services" on the definition of international trade in services, in order to determine the four modes of supply, that is to provide cross-border, consumption abroad, commercial presence and The movement of nat

ural persons as trade in services. The specific operation to residents and non-resident trade in services between the (that is, the balance of payments under the Trade in Services) and through the realization of foreign affiliates trade in services (that is, FATS) to carry out two main lines of trade in services statistics. As for the movement of natural persons to statistics, because it is difficult to determine the scope of possible statistical indicators, as well as limited trade in services only as a secondary component. At present, there are more than 150 countries (regions) on a regular basis to the report of the international organization under international balance of payments trade in services statistics, as well as including China, 26 countries (regions) to carry out the FATS statistics. From the countries in the world (region) of the situation, with the exception of the United States trade in services is more mature, the majority of other countries are being explored. China's trade in services in line with world trade in services development.

Fourth, "the statistical system" What is the scope of application?

[Secretary Hu Yan], "statistical system" provides services to Chinese trade statistics, including the scope of Chinese residents and non-resident trade in services between the foreign and trade in services of the subsidiary bodies of two parts, covering "the General Agreement on Trade in Services" proposed by the four modes of supply, Namely: provision of cross-border, consumption abroad, commercial presence and movement of natural persons under the Trade in Services. At the same time, as the combination of the actual situation of China, China's trade in services trade in services has been refining the country (region) and the classification of provinces and cities, provided the nature of the transaction, country (region), the provinces and cities, such as multi-dimensional international division Balance of payments and trade in services under foreign affiliates trade in services statistics framework to meet the international negotiations with China at all levels of government management and decision-making.

Five, "the statistical system" in China there have been residents of non-resident, foreign affiliates trade in services, such as the concept, the concept of the above-mentioned briefly.

Chinese people in mainland China with the economic interests of the economic unit. China does not belong to the residents of the various economic units, known as non-residents. Foreign affiliates trade in services means that enterprises in China's direct investment in control of another country or region and enterprises in the country or territory to achieve sales of services, that is outward-looking trade in services subsidiary bodies; as well as foreign enterprises or through direct investment Control of the Chinese territory of the enterprises in China to achieve sales of services, that is, to the subsidiary bodies of the trade in services.

VI, China's trade in services statistics of sources, public and submitted to the way of what?

[Secretary Hu Yan], "statistical system" provides services to Chinese trade statistics data sources are divided into two main channels. First, trade in services in accordance with the relevant departments of the functions of the division of the Ministry of Commerce to provide relevant data, and the other is from the provinces (cities, districts) to the business sector, the Commerce Department to report to the nuclear part of the data. By the Ministry of Commerce responsible for the overall national trade in services statistics summary.

Chinese Ministry of Commerce responsible for the overall trade in services statistics published. The annual "China's Service Trade Statistics" published in the form of trade in services statistics for the year, "China's Service Trade Development Report," released in the form of China's service trade development of the overall situation.

Seven, China's service trade work of the centralized management of the department?

[Secretary Hu Yan], "statistical system" provides that the Ministry of Commerce in charge of China's service trade work of the Survey Organization and China's implementation of the overall trade in services statistics summary, management and distribution.

(Information Source: Ministry of Commerce on Trade in Services Division)

2007-12-27