Chiang Kai-shek in 1942 wanted to meet with Mao Zedong

Referred to Chiang Kai-shek and Mao Zedong met, people will remember in August 1945 at the invitation of Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong's three electricity to Chongqing, is pleased to accept the invitation of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and other kai negotiations to Chongqing thing. Few people know is that in 1942 the KMT talks, Jiang said the CPC had also said that he wanted to meet with Mao. But, for various reasons, Chiang Kai-shek failed to do.

1. KMT re-opened the door to negotiations

Summer 1942,

After the preceding period of serious military, political tensions between the conflict appeared to ease. In mid-July, the leaders of the CPC delegation in Chongqing Zhou Enlai put forward to the KMT, hoping to make a face-to-face with Chiang Kai-shek. July 21, Chiang Kai-shek met with Zhou Enlai.

August 14, Zhou Enlai once again to see the Chiang Kai-shek. Zhou Enlai on the outstanding series between the KMT and the remaining issues to talk about his views. After listening to Chiang Kai-shek, said that after the war, although the KMT and the CPC also unity and cooperation, but the two sides on many issues difficult to reach agreement, the issue of the number of cumulative, non-negotiations can be solved once or twice. He said the urgent wish to talk about Mao Zedong's good, location can choose in Xi'an.

Chiang Kai-shek to meet Mao Zedong is important. Zhou Enlai was not only an accident suddenly: Chiang Kai-shek used to supercilious, often to a "leader" himself, he should take the initiative to meet with Mao Zedong, he has consistently adhered to the anti-communist stance has changed? Out of solidarity or the sincerity of what he said, want to meet to resolve problems left over by history? Chiang Kai-shek is not there are other ulterior motives? Zhou Enlai, got up at Chiang Kai-shek not sure what to sell drugs, immediately replied that: he would regard the report as soon as possible to Yan'an, the first answer that is conveyed.

On the same day, Zhou Enlai, Mao Zedong's call to report their situation. Zhou Enlai said: The purpose of Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong欲见"unforeseen measured." How to reply to the request made by Chiang, Zhou Enlai put forward two options: First, to Lin Biao (then第一一五Division of the Eighth Route Army), as Mao Zedong's representatives, Xi'an see Chiang; Second, with Zhou Enlai, Jiang asked to Xian, and then let Zhou Fei Yan, and then one-kai (Lin or other responsible person) to see Jiang Xian. This reflects China's respect for Chiang, also helped by further contacts to find out Jiang's true intentions.

2. Zhou Enlai that the timing has yet to be

Mao Zedong was informed that he met with Chiang Kai-shek, and that is a major event. He analyzed that: the KMT in 1939 from the enactment of restrictions on the activities of different ways to the party after the end of the year early in 1940 and before and after the launch of two anti-climax. Solidarity with the Chinese Communist loyalty, and always to national interests, insist on rational, beneficial to struggle. Early in 1941, the New Fourth Army in the South Anhui Incident suffered heavy losses in the circumstances, the Communist Party still bear with the situation and just launched a political struggle against the Kuomintang. But the Communist Party of points to stimulate the KMT, and the purpose is to seek to improve relations and the KMT. Not long ago, the CPC issued to commemorate the "77" Declaration of the 5th anniversary of the war, reiterating that "support the leadership of Chiang, chairman of the Anti-Japanese War." Declaration was published, in the rear area has aroused positive response from all walks of life, which the KMT will also help alleviate the hostility of the Communist Party of the degree. Chiang Kai-shek to meet Chinese leaders, he may be made by the Chinese Communists as a positive response.

Mao Zedong and other leaders of the central consultations that: Chiang is proposed to meet categorically rejected, it is the lack of unity and sincerity of the Chinese Communists, Chiang will refuse to resolve political issues raised by the CPC and a pretext to intensify anti-communist cause, and easily give rise to the rear of the various sectors of the Democratic people's misunderstanding, the Communist Party in a passive situation. Therefore, Mao Zedong in the August 19 call Zhou Enlai, the message said, "according to the current situation, I may wish to see Chiang."

Zhou Enlai met feel at risk. Fu Xinhua on the 19th, said: "At present, although ... ... to a political settlement, but have not yet talked about specific issues, and nothing to alleviate oppression, and the venue for the meeting in Xi'an, therefore, appears to be a meeting between Chiang premature." Zhou recommendations said: It would be best to send Zhu Lin or "first open the door to negotiations," such as some forest or Zhu Jiang来渝, but also promised "to open up a new situation, conversion of air, as soon as the ... ... setting, you can be seen again Chongqing Drainage."

To adopt the views of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, he was August 29 and September 3 weeks after another call: The Central Government has decided to send Chiang Lin Biao see the negotiations, according to the talks, and then determine the time I went to Xi'an. Mao in particular pointed out: According to the current situation, "I went to see Jiang useful sound."

Zhou Enlai, Jiang is determined to dispel the idea of Mao see. September 5, he said resumption of Xinhua: See Chiang is not ripe for Jiang on the person "harboring evil", the situation of "non-favorable." In view of Britain, the United States needs China dragging Japan, the Soviet Union need to make concessions to China, Chiang Kai-shek and the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union relations have been improving, he may think now is the solution to the CPC and the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region a good opportunity, even thought that the Chinese Communists Memorial "77" Declaration has made it clear that the Chinese Communists to yield to him. Mao met with Chiang, Chiang will also make use of this matter, "crack down on local and democratic forces to subsidence I isolated" situation.

In his cable, and Zhou Enlai also analyzed Mao Zedong met Chiang Kai-shek to the purpose and possible scenarios: First, "the surface harmony, promised to solve the problem and scattered." The second is the "open来渝about Mao Zedong's Political Council (Mao Zedong's political participation is a member of the National Political Council), an excuse to stay long-term in Mao Yu, not to return to Yan'an." Zhou Enlai pointed out: "This can not but a million anti-"! However, Zhou Enlai proposed that: the Lin Biao and Jiang came to see later, we should pay attention "to the words do not die, look at Chiang's attitude and to resolve the problem, and then determining whether the hair out." Mao accepted this advice.

3. The Chinese Communist faction of Lin Biao Jiang Exploration see actual situation

Subsequently, Yan'an and that the arrangements for Lin to Chongqing. In order not to give birth so wary of Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Zedong on September 8 to call the special account of Zhou Enlai, said: "Lin Biao and Jiang see when I see on the Chiang should say that I am very willing to see him, under the body was not so good, as soon as the body a little better can be met out, uncertain time. "Mao on the KMT and the Communist Party of negotiations should take a matter of principle, made a presentation. He said: "At present, appears close to resolving historical issues between very good time for recovery and for the KMT's oppression of the matter, should be strongly patience, not to mention the protests, in order to resolve the issues and the restoration of good."

October 7, Lin arrived in Chongqing from Yanan. 13, Lin Biao Zhang Zhizhong negotiator first contact with the KMT, and escorted him to see the Chiang Kai-shek. Lin and Chiang Kai-shek at the Whampoa Military Academy with the "teacher-student" relationship. Chiang Kai-shek of the Lin Biao and the performance of very warm and kind. First of all, Lin said: it is ready to come Mao, Mao Zedong wanted to make one talks with the chairman. Only recently has been suffering from a cold, had no choice but to send him as the representative of Mao Zedong's first. Chiang Kai-shek heard guess whether this is an excuse, is not known. However, he would be better to invite Lin to convey his greetings to the Mao Zedong.

Then, Lin Biao on the battlefield behind enemy lines when talking about the anti-Japanese difficult circumstances, show more interest in Chiang Kai-shek. However, when Lin mentioned that the New Fourth Army in central China designation is revoked, the status of persons deprived of their legitimate political issue, Chiang Kai-shek Lin immediately interrupt the thread of her conversation and said: "You will not mention the New Fourth Army, and you are my students!" This is no doubt show that the Chiang Kai-shek fundamentally changed the nature of anti-communist. Lin also instituted to stop the country following the military offensive, such as the "three-stop three rounds of the two made" problem. 话不投机, Chiang Kai-shek is very impatient, frequently look at watches, and Lin Biao hastily ended the conversation.

Later, Zhou Enlai, Lin Biao and the KMT has repeatedly talked to the representative, but the other of lacking sincerity in the negotiations always take a perfunctory attitude, once the specific issues involved in the negotiations was suspended. During the negotiations, Chiang Kai-shek met Mao Zedong to再也不提thing. Again and again until the KMT to launch anti-climax, the two parties once again to close the door to negotiations.

For Chiang and Mao met only 1942 ~ 1943 negotiations between an episode. The facts show that before and after 1942, the KMT and the CPC fundamentally improve the relationship between the timing was not ripe. If Mao and Chiang met difficult to predict what the outcome will appear. Zhou Enlai, Mao and Jiang met力阻undoubtedly correct, he is simply out of love for the party's leaders. (Source: "History of information reported to" Mirror Weekly No. 660)

2009-02-01