Chongqing seeking to build "the southwest international channel" open propelled into the forefront of the Midwest
Build alternative access to the sea
At present, the import and export goods from the central and western regions of Yangtze golden waterway, through the Pacific - the South China Sea - Indian Ocean - Mediterranean Sea - the port of Rotterdam, this route is regarded as the first channel, "in fact the traditional Silk Road on the Sea." City Development and Reform relevant person in charge appointed, this is the current foreign trade and exports of Chongqing's main channel. Subject to land-locked location, the long-channel delivery, time-consuming long to Wuhan as the center of the 200 km radius of the region, the goods have arrived at the port of Rotterdam at least 45 days.
"Inconvenient, is lagging behind the development of inland areas, one of the important reasons." City Development and Reform Commission said that Chongqing is the starting point to find a new inland sea, the central and western inland into the forefront of opening up, is difficult for breakthrough. Envisaged in the southwestern Chongqing, a major thoroughfare through the Tea Horse Road route was from the Midwest arrived in the Indian Ocean through the Southwest, including 13 cities in points (Wuhan, Changsha, Zhengzhou, Nanchang, Xian, Chongqing, Chengdu, Lanzhou, Yinchuan, Xining, Nanning, Guiyang, Kunming) for logistics, the flow of people, sub-5 into Yunnan, Ruili after leaving from north to south through Myanmar, to reach into the Indian Ocean port of Yangon.
This framework of five routes that Zhengzhou - Xi'an - Chongqing - Ruili, Wuhan - Chongqing - Ruili fast and convenient railway, highway, and Xining, Lanzhou, Yinchuan --- --- --- Chengdu, Kunming line, Changsha, Guiyang --- --- Kunming line, Nanning --- Yunnan Kunming line to connect, and ultimately into a line to reach the Indian Ocean via Ruili exit. Five routes connecting 13 provinces and autonomous regions (including the western provinces, municipalities, and 9), and then through the nodes and the national railway, highway network.
The person in charge, Wuhan - Chongqing - Ruili - Yangon, Myanmar 3400-3500 km for the whole of Hong Kong than in the upper and middle reaches of the Yangtze River from Shanghai to the sea by the South China Sea, the Strait of Malacca to reach the distance between the Indian Ocean, about 2300 kilometers to reduce not only overcome the sea many difficulties, avoided by the South China Sea (Spratly Islands), the Malacca Strait, maritime channel by the "island chain" and many other factors, and so greatly reduce the logistics and transport distance, speed up, increase the safety factor.
Timing of the implementation of the concept of maturity
"South-West Corridor, once the formation of international and domestic market will undergo a revolutionary change." Fancy implication of building a major channel of opportunity for all involved in the planning of this idea are very excited about the parties. "Open the southwest of the country, through the channel to enter the Indian Ocean, will be more conducive to China's inland areas to promote the development of large-scale opening up." Involved in research on agrarian labor party Sang Guowei, chairman of the Central that this idea has become a national strategy will help the western region, particularly in the southwest, by the reform and opening up the rear opening to the outside world into the forefront of regional disadvantage into advantage, resource advantages to industrial advantages.
Chen Zongxing agrarian labor party central executive vice chairman of the view that to promote the implementation of this strategy, will form a connection in China's western, central, eastern part of the traffic artery of the state central China, the western development strategy effectively combine to create China's opening to the outside world for the new pattern, with far-reaching strategic significance.
In many central and western provinces and autonomous regions, the basis for the proposed center in Chongqing to build the Southwest Corridor International? "Chongqing is located in the central and western regions to the southwest from the center-channel architecture is the only central municipality in the west and the Yangtze River upper reaches of the largest inland port." Municipal Foreign Economic and Trade is responsible for that, according to the central strategic plan to build the western region of Chongqing an important growth area, but also the upper reaches of the Yangtze River region become integrated transport hub and major channel of international trade. Such a position, the need for central "generous" plan, "South-West Channel International."
"Southwest of the international channel" concept, in fact, first proposed not by Chongqing. In fact, Guangxi, Yunnan and other western provinces and autonomous regions as early as in 2006 the concept had been raised. However, due to the level of economic and social development was limited and confined to 12 provinces and regions on their own, the trans-regional, cross-border planning step.
However, at present, the participants generally agreed that the implementation of the bold idea of time has gradually matured. Especially in the central and western border around the concept of Ruili in Yunnan five lines have been Lanzhou to Kunming, Changsha to Kunming, Nanning, Kunming and Dali, Yunnan up to three lines, only 350 kilometers from Ruili. In addition, access only through a country of Myanmar, China and Myanmar normal exchanges between the two countries have a good foundation for cooperation and common interests.
Actively seek to support the national level
Based on this, our city in the briefing on the request to the research group to coordinate the relevant ministries such as National Development and Reform Commission-depth feasibility studies, to build a "south-west international passage" into the country's "十二五" planning.
It is understood that the city is stepping up its construction of related infrastructure. Village in order to unite the western-based logistics city has begun to take shape, and its goal is to build the country's major rail logistics bases and function of the railway crossings. Midwest's first National Water only Hong Kong-Canada Chongqing Airport Cuntan two bonded port construction, also is in full swing to promote.
However, restricted by the management system, and do not have the appropriate management of the functions and powers, Chongqing railway facilities and passenger and cargo transport, it is difficult to meet the building of an integrated transport hub in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the "Southwest channel international" central city. The bonded port area, also need to be more policy support, provide for greater management capabilities, management competence.
Research group, said the report will form the topic to the central recommendation will be implemented by the central and western Indian Ocean西南达channel construction, push forward deeper into the national development of the western region and promote the development of the central and western regions and the country an important strategic opening to the outside world. National Development and Reform Commission report will recommend to participate in other related ministries to carry out special studies, construction planning and implementation of the development of policies and measures included in major national development plans.
Although the bright future, but the Department of Planning, Transportation Research Institute, vice president of a major thoroughfare张宝胜still put forward the construction of the worries of their own. In his view, the strong demand of foreign trade in order to bring a new international routes, opening up the level of Chongqing, the total import and export have yet to be improved, the need for careful assessment of this. In addition, the cross-border projects, there are a large number of unknown factors, as well as non-controllable risks, particularly related to the preparatory work for excellence.
Source: Chongqing Morning News