Construction of the Inner Mongolia has become a major source of energy, heavy chemical industry base in
Of building energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia
Thinking up a national strategy
In the country's new industrial policy, an adjustment, through the development of industrial layout and development of laws and regulations, clear the eastern and western regions of the heavy chemical industry distribution, and industrial development to the building of Inner Mongolia has become a major source of energy, heavy chemical industry base rose to national strategies. To play its abundant energy and mineral resources, water resources, a high level of protection, environmental carrying capacity and strong advantages, actively support the development of energy resources in Inner Mongolia, equipment manufacturing, chemical industry, metallurgy and other industries, to create a national important source of energy, heavy chemical industrial base, rare earth high-tech industry base, an important northern China metallurgy, equipment manufacturing base.
Since reform and opening up, China's implementation of the first development in the coastal area of non-balanced development strategy to give priority to the layout in the coastal areas a number of heavy industry projects. In recent years, the eastern part of the provinces and cities, once again raised industrial "heavy-duty" or "moderately heavy-duty" strategy, have expanded the energy, chemical industry, equipment manufacturing, automobile, metallurgy and other heavy industry scale, resulting in energy resources and environmental problems have become increasingly prominent, the western region's dependence on energy resources, rising to become the layout of the outstanding problems in national productivity.
We believe that our existing energy and heavy chemical industry, the layout is not conducive to China's sustainable economic development, should be the height of the national strategy, in accordance with the requirements of promoting new industrialization strategy, the Inner Mongolia and other resource-rich areas as energy and heavy chemical industry development in China key areas, through policy guidance and arrangement of major projects to promote the Inner Mongolia has become a major base for heavy industry.
First, the layout of our existing defects in heavy and chemical industries
(A) the existing layout of the heavy chemical industry led to the pattern of energy supply and demand was "reverse distribution"
Under the existing distribution of productive forces in the eastern region and north-east region a net importer of energy region, the western region as a major regional energy output, forming a space for energy production and consumption pattern of a significant separation. In 2007, the eastern region of coal, crude oil, natural gas production and electricity generation accounted for 11% of the country, 37%, 13% and 43%, while the coal, crude oil, natural gas consumption and electricity accounted for 38% of the country, 50 %, 36% and 50%. To rely on energy-intensive resources to promote rapid economic growth, led directly to the east by Zhejiang energy and resources into the plight of resource constraints or even close to the border. Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta, the Bohai Rim region to further expand the energy gap is inevitable that a "North-South transport of coal, oil the north south transportation, natural gas and west to east" pattern of energy flow, energy supply and demand in the region presents Yue Lai The more serious problem of "reverse distribution." At the same time, it is difficult to alleviate the national Meidianyouyun tensions, leading to Mei Huang, frequent periodic electricity shortage.
(B) The existing layout of the heavy chemical industry led to enormous waste of resources
From the west to enter the energy resources of the eastern region is bound to increase in transportation costs, consume a large amount of resources, reducing the efficiency of resource allocation is inconsistent with the building of a resource-saving society.
Energy resources, input and output, a direct result of the tension capacity. National Railways of coal in 2007 accounted for 47% of the total freight, direct crowding out other materials transport. Capacity to ease the tension, only large-scale construction of railways, highways, form a "face more water, more surface" transport development model. At the same time is bound to take up a lot of land or cultivated land, which is 18 million mu of arable land to ensure national "red lines" a serious stress.
To protect the smooth transportation of energy resources will inevitably require a large amount of investment. China's construction of "North Oil Nam Wan, Sai Wan Tung Oil, Natural Gas," crude oil pipeline, 1.7 million km, natural gas pipeline, 3.2 million kilometers. Built 4000 kilometers in China's western crude oil and product pipeline, spent nearly 14.6 billion yuan of funds. If you maintain the current pattern of energy consumption by 2020 need to build 7 and the corresponding port of Datong-Qinhuangdao line to transport coal located in central and western regions.
Input and output of energy resources, resulting in energy costs. Coal transportation, for example, according to the railway freight rate 0.15 yuan / ton-km basis, coal will be transported to Zhungeer Qinhuangdao, the average transportation cost per ton of coal nearly hundred dollars, compared with an increase of more than half of coal pit; by road freight 0.5-0.6 Yuan / ton-km, 300 km radius of the transport calculation, tons of coal transportation costs of up to 150-160 yuan, more than twice as high as coal pit. High transport costs of coal by the impact of cost of power generation than in North China, Inner Mongolia in situ generation of high 0.083-0.143 yuan per unit. Spent a lot of long-distance coal car gasoline and diesel, equivalent to the energy exchange with the high-low-energy. If we take into account the loss during transport, then the price even higher.
(C) the existing layout of the heavy chemical industry led to the eastern coastal areas exert tremendous pressure on resources and environment carrying capacity of
In recent years, the eastern part of the burning of coal has led to serious air pollution. In 2005 the problem of acid rain in China 298 cities, most in the east. Unit of land area east of sulfur dioxide emissions in the western region of 5.2 times the sulfur dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plant units in the western economic losses of 4.5 times. At present, the eastern region, central eastern part of the four provinces, Beijing and Tianjin and the coastal areas of Guangdong Province has been basically no spare capacity of the atmospheric environment.
The development of thermal power to protect the energy needs of heavy and chemical industries, emissions from a large number of fly ash, fly ash piled up a lot of land resources. According to the national average projections for each additional 10,000 kilowatts of thermal power installed capacity will increase emissions by nearly ten thousand tons of fly ash per million tons of fly ash pile covers an area of six acres or so needed. In the eastern region far below the carrying capacity of land under the premise of the western region, continue to develop heavy and chemical industries, for Cuntucunjin eastern region is undoubtedly unrealistic choice.
(D) the existing heavy industry to promote the formation of the layout does not meet the national requirements of the main functional areas
"Yangtze River Delta," "Pearl River Delta" is a land development and other coastal areas have a higher density of resources and environment carrying capacity of the region began to weaken. Such as the development of strength of Foshan and Dongguan, almost 40%, Shenzhen, 36%, far higher than the western region. To promote the formation of the main functional areas in accordance with the requirements of the above-mentioned areas as optimizing the development area, we should give top priority to improve the quality of growth and efficiency, enhance participation in global division of labor and competition level, the lead in raising capability of independent innovation, the first to achieve the optimization and upgrading of economic structure and development of方式. Therefore, the eastern part of the development of an area of more high consumption of energy and heavy chemical industry is not consistent with its main function of orientation.
Second, the construction of energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, rose to national strategies to overcome the shortcomings of existing layout of the heavy chemical industry with an important option
(A) The energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, you can take full advantage of the rich resources
Inner Mongolia has proven coal reserves account for nearly half of the country, ranking No. 1; has proven oil reserves of 700 million tons; rare earth reserves, ranking first in the world; sukri proven gas reserves of more than 7000 billion cubic meters, is a world-class Large gas field. Has identified 10 kinds of nonferrous metal mineral resources 25.3945 million tons, of which copper, lead, zinc, tungsten, molybdenum ore reserves to identify the respective ranks No. 4, No. 2, No. 2, No. 10, 6 bit. For example, the red (peak) - Tong (Liaoning) and sea (Lal) - Man (Island Village) economic zone of coal, nonferrous metal resources were more abundant, with Daxinganling Derbugan metallogenic belt and non-ferrous metal ore-forming belt, Iran Min, Bao-day Shearer, geese and other large coal fields, you can actively develop the energy, chemicals, non-ferrous metal smelting and other industries to build a national important energy base for the chemical and non-ferrous metal smelting. Meanwhile, in Inner Mongolia to play adjacent to the resource-rich regions of Russia and Mongolia location advantages, and actively carry out cooperation in the development and use of resources to effectively improve China's energy and heavy chemical industry, the level of protection of resources.
(B) the construction of energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, you can ease the pressure on the transportation of energy resources and reduce transport costs
From a national perspective, Nortel South to send 100 million kilowatts a year, the eastern region to reduce coal consumption and rail transport volume of 250 million tons. View from Inner Mongolia in 2007, Sinotrans Inner Mongolia 200 million tons of coal, Datong-Qinhuangdao railway 653 kilometers by road and 0.12 yuan / ton-km freight rate per ton of coal freight for 78.36 yuan, less transported 200 million tons of coal can be reduced 15.672 billion yuan of transportation costs.
(C) the construction of energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, can increase the efficiency of resource use
In situ conversion of resources can increase the level of comprehensive utilization of resources. To jungar coalfield, for example, coal in the alumina content reaches 9-13%, the alumina content of fly ash as high as 40-51%, equivalent to intermediate-grade bauxite. Junggar coal reserves of 26.4 billion tons already proven, high aluminum fly ash potential reserves of 7 billion tons, equivalent to China's bauxite resources to maintain reserves three times that. Implementation of the fly ash extract alumina, can greatly replace imported bauxite and alumina, effectively ease the contradiction between supply and demand of China's aluminum industry. Zhungeer coal by 2007 the amount of 100 million tons mined calculated, theoretically, can produce 30 million tons of fly ash alumina, if all can be extracted into the use of 12 million tons of alumina, equivalent to 2007 of China's alumina consumption in 50 %. Sinotrans other parts of power generation of about 20 million tons of fly ash, due to scattered Blending lost due to the economic value, equivalent to nearly a year wasted more than 700 million tons of alumina, more than in 2008 China's import volume of more than 2.41 million t. If the import prices by 3,000 yuan per ton of alumina per year abandoned the economic loss caused by high aluminum fly ash up to 200 billion yuan.
To achieve energy resources in situ conversion of coal to reduce losses. By rail, road transport, coal consumption is about 0.8-1%, according to one calculation per ton of coal transportation in 2007, the country can reduce the loss of 17 million tons of coal transportation. If the situ-processing industry, coal-to-electricity can be two times the value of coal methanol can be added about 4 times the value of coal-oil can be 8-12 times more.
(D) energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, you can give full play to advantages of environmental capacity
Inner Mongolia, a vast population of small, with large areas of the Gobi, desert, environment, large capacity. Land area accounting for 12.5% of total economic output accounts for 2% of the country, while carbon dioxide emissions by only 5%, relative to land area, the sewage than the smaller. Give priority to heavy industry in Inner Mongolia, the layout of the project can play an environmental capacity advantage, to ease pressure on the eastern part of the environment. The "North-South power transmission," for example, send 100 million kilowatts, can make the eastern region of sulfur dioxide emission reduction of 3.26 million tons, 730,000 tons of nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide 140 million tons.
(E) energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, can play the existing industrial advantages
In recent years, Inner Mongolia, to actively undertake the transfer of developed regions, industries, introduce and cultivate a batch of leading enterprises in the country known basically formed a God-hua, Huaneng, McEntire, etc. as the leading coal, coal chemical industry chain; to Inner Mongolia, a machine North Heavy equipment and other manufacturing industries as the leading chain; to Chifeng Jinfeng Copper and other non-ferrous metals industry as the leading chain; to East Hope Aluminum, Baotou Aluminum, etc. as the leading aluminum industry chain; to Ulaan cement, water and other West building materials as the leading industrial chain. These leading companies have formed more than 3.0 billion asset size, market competitiveness, rising to lay a solid foundation for development of energy and heavy chemical industries.
Therefore, from the sustainable development of China's economy starting an urgent need to promote the formation of the main functional areas in accordance with the requirements, comply with the layout of the evolution of productivity trends in energy and heavy chemical industrial layout to follow the law of priority in Inner Mongolia and other energy-rich region in the layout of heavy industry, important nation-building energy and heavy chemical industry base.
Third, the building of energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia Suggestions
(A) At the national industrial policy, a new round of adjustment, through the development of industrial layout and development of laws and regulations, clear the eastern and western regions of the heavy chemical industry distribution, and industrial development direction of the eastern part of the development of heavy chemical industry to improve the access threshold, to the west region, giving the western region of Inner Mongolia and other more liberal access to the heavy chemical industry policy to encourage and support its development resources and processing industry projects.
(B) The State should attach great importance to the resource advantages of Inner Mongolia and the strategic position of building energy and heavy chemical industry base in Inner Mongolia, rose to national strategies. To play its abundant energy and mineral resources, water resources, a high level of protection, environmental carrying capacity and strong advantages, actively support the development of energy resources in Inner Mongolia, equipment manufacturing, chemical industry, metallurgy and other industries, to create a national important source of energy, heavy chemical industrial base, rare earth high-tech industrial base of north China, an important metallurgy, equipment manufacturing base.
(C) The State shall support the heavy chemical industry development through the establishment of regional differences in fiscal and taxation policies to guide the enterprise, capital, and talent into the western regions of Inner Mongolia, making it energy, capital and other factor flows "policy depressions"; through the implementation of differential land policy, the use of wasteland, Gobi, desert land in need of treatment develop its heavy industry projects, relaxation of land-use restrictions; expedite the establishment of heavy industry in western financial guidance, support and Inner Mongolia in the western region the size of the heavy chemical industry bigger and stronger to play radiation leading role.
(D) taking into account the energy-rich region of Inner Mongolia is China's important areas of environmental protection, but also a strategic base for our resources and energy to the spirit of "overall planning, scientific and rational, recycling, integrated management" principle, for the energy, chemical industry, metallurgy high-energy consuming, high polluting industries, designated areas, to actively extend the industrial chain of circular economy and build a number of circular economy demonstration zone, and comprehensively improve the level of comprehensive utilization of resources and build into a modern heavy chemical industry base of circular economy demonstration .