Jiangxi "three rural" issue of significant results
June 27, by the Ministry of Finance, Asian Development Bank and Jiangxi Province, signed, and by the Asian Development Bank provides 50 million grant for technical assistance projects - "Jiangxi Rural Development Strategy" in Nanchang successfully concluding this logo the Jiangxi "Three Rural Issues" study achieved significant results. "Jiangxi Rural Development Strategy" project a total of three innovative research results, the main content? A: The project of a comprehensive, systematic and objective reflection of the basic conditions of rural development in Jiangxi Province, creatively put forward in 2020 in Jiangxi rural development strategy, strategic security and policy recommendations. First, an accurate grasp of the status and trend of rural development in Jiangxi, Jiangxi rural development efforts to explore the inherent laws. Study found that from 1978 to 2008, annual growth rate of agricultural output in Jiangxi appeared five times two or more years (4 years, 1 year) increased and then decreased in periodic fluctuations; location of agriculture, Jiangxi Province business in 2008 was 0.81, in the country at a comparative disadvantage, but forestry and fishing output location quotient greater than 1, the country has a comparative advantage. Large number of dispersed production, small-scale farmers to participate is available fresh fruits and vegetables in Jiangxi in the main features of the logistics system, logistics modernization of agricultural products are also restricted the development of Jiangxi an important factor; farmers on the infrastructure needs of the priority order from high to Low order of roads, irrigation, water, cable TV, and cultural facilities, public toilets and methane. Second, the creativity of Jiangxi in 2020 made the overall strategic objective of rural development, science and system design strategies for rural development in Jiangxi. Proposed rural development project in Jiangxi, "a very general" strategic framework. "A total", that the overall strategy for rural development in Jiangxi: the urban and rural development, based on the 2020 into a life of well-off rural areas in Jiangxi, harmonious, civilized, green, vibrant new countryside, the completion of the comprehensive construction well-off society in rural areas task. "Very" or 10 matching strategy: the strategy of urbanization in rural areas in Jiangxi, rural poverty alleviation strategy, farmer income growth strategies, strategies for industrial development in rural areas in Jiangxi, rural labor employment and vocational training strategy, logistics development strategy in rural Jiangxi Province, Jiangxi Rural Infrastructure Development strategies, development strategy of public services in rural areas in Jiangxi, Jiangxi rural environmental development strategy, Jiangxi Rural Public Management Reform and Reconstruction Strategy. Science, focused and forward-looking are very strong. Such as the research strategy proposed by farmers income growth forecast 2020 net income per farmer in Jiangxi Province by 2008, prices will reach 10,163 yuan; Jiangxi rural industrial development strategy forecasts 2020 grain output reached 25 billion kilograms, and the formation of 30 billion kg production capacity. Third, emphasize the strategic focus of rural development in Jiangxi, strategic measures and policies put forward constructive suggestions. For example, the strategy of industrial development in rural areas in Jiangxi key industries - forestry strategic goal is to enhance forest ecosystem stability and function of the premise, bigger and stronger Jiangxi Integrated forestry industry, forestry industry in 2020, the contribution of income to farmers rate more than 2 times. Another example of development of Jiangxi Province proposed the development of modern logistics in rural areas the overall planning, rational distribution of functions with coordinated logistics park, logistics center, distribution center; the establishment of Collaborative Logistics System for the urban and rural areas of Jiangxi modern logistics development strategy focused on rural areas, supplemented by more kinds of innovative agricultural products logistics model; Construction of Green Agricultural Products Logistics through mode and so on. Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone in the coordinate construction. What are the important part of research project? A: First, to coordinate the development of rural industry, the Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone. Research projects that, to build the industrial chain oriented industrial development strategy in rural areas, green agricultural development strategy, the scale of agricultural development strategy, brand strategy and effective agricultural development strategy of agricultural development strategy system, focusing on the development of food industry, oil industry, fruit and vegetable industry, forestry industry, livestock industry and aquaculture, support from the industry on the Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone. Second, coordinate the development of the rural environment of Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone. Project proposed to implement the ecological demonstration area (point) create a strategic, eco-agricultural development strategy, rural drinking water quality protection strategies, rural sanitation protection strategies, natural resource protection strategies, agricultural non-point source pollution control strategies, animal aquaculture, pollution prevention strategies, pollution control strategy for rural industrial and mining enterprises, rural environmental education strategies, build an effective ecosystem protection, ecological industrial development mechanism, ecological compensation mechanism, environmental protection, resource integration mechanisms, and always maintain the Poyang Lake, "a fresh water lake" . Third, the reform of rural taxation system to coordinate the Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone. Studies suggest that the allocation of funds to innovative financial mechanisms, the region's agriculture and basic research, important agricultural extension, agricultural disaster relief, eco-building and governance, rural public environment, and provide necessary protection; further improve the fiscal and taxation policies, increased on the circular economy to support efforts to build development of circular economy and build green Poyang Lake Economic Zone policy support system; through the financial transfer payment, increase investment in ecological protection and efforts to support high-tech industries; to strengthen fiscal policy and rural finance policy effective interface between the guide more credit funds, "Agriculture." How will the project fruitful research results into practically applied? A: First, the project results and the formation of the main results of the project outline policy recommendations, presented to the relevant central departments, in Jiangxi Province and the four main members of the team leaders, and provincial government departments concerned, and to use the feature pages of the publication summary of the results published and open publication of books, sent to all cities and counties across the province party committee, the principal leaders of reference. Second, the relevant departments in the drafting of the proposed development of economic and social development in Jiangxi Province, "12 5" planning and project planning, fully absorb and apply the results of the project, the main policy recommendations adopted will become the important content of these documents. Third, the results for the basic framework of the project strategy and core content, the formation of new rural construction in Jiangxi Province in depth the overall planning and implementation across the province issued. Fourth, the use of the main contents of project results, select 1-2 counties to pilot test area to establish the transformation project. The implementation of the research project background, after how? What is the significance? A: Jiangxi is a typical agricultural province. In recent years, provincial government in the practice of building new countryside to explore a lot, put a lot of benefiting the agriculture policy. To further explore a development path suitable to their own characteristics, by the end of 2006, the province especially to the Ministry of Finance, Asian Development Bank Rural Development Strategy Project of Jiangxi report; 2007, at the end of the project is approved, the project started in 2008, 2009 mid-term review of completed projects 2010, implementation of the project completed, which lasted nearly 4 years. Organization and implementation of the project by the provincial government, Rural Development Institute Chinese Academy of Social Sciences researcher Dr David Wu of any team leader, 10 domestic famous experts in related fields, two world-class experts, two independent team of tax experts to participate, the provincial Department of Finance , Provincial Development and Reform Commission, the Provincial Agriculture Department and other 14 departments and offices at all levels of the new rural construction work together to form 50 million characters, final research report. The project of great significance: first, to achieve the objectives of rural development in Jiangxi in 2020, compared with net income of peasants per capita in 2008 to double to 10,000 yuan a proven path. Second, the new rural construction in our province will continue to maintain the country's first-mover advantage, experience and mode of Jiangxi Province will further improve and enhance and increase the forward-looking guidance, radioactive, a spill-over strategy, policy and institutional, To learn from other provinces and territories to provide mature and replication samples. The third is to coordinate the construction of Poyang Lake Ecological Economic Zone policy recommendations, but also for the preparation of national economic and social development in Jiangxi "12 5" plan to provide a decision basis. Fourth, for the less developed country, especially in central and western regions and major grain producing areas to explore the urban and rural development, and solve the "three rural" significant problem, a comprehensive well-off society and effective way to successful models.