[Japan] Take Measures to develop high-level innovative talents
Situation in the face of intense competition for talent, the Japanese government will "build a vibrant community, strengthen the international competitiveness" as an important strategic goals, and actively developing a number of policies to support education and research institutions to develop a variety of high-level creative talents. And to adopt preferential policies to attract overseas scholars in various fields and professionals.
Cultivate innovative talents from the start of compulsory education
Foster an early age a keen interest in learning science
The Government of Japan believes that cultivating high-level personnel should start compulsory education, requiring primary and secondary schools to develop a variety of teaching and learning, so that students understand the scientists, athletes, artists and other professionals in various fields grew up, from childhood to cherish lofty goals and dreams of keen interest in learning science. In order to give students exposure to different cultures around the world, ideas and values, the Japanese government is exploring the education system reform, to make it more flexible. For example, to encourage high school students use some time before starting college in the domestic and international travel, volunteer work or temporary workers, the accumulation of off-campus living experience richer.
For college or higher education, the Japanese government tried to develop through deepening the reform of university top creative talents. In the 21st century, the Japanese Ministry of Education summary of the views of the future personnel training, the task of higher education identified the following areas: training expertise and skills with advanced high-level professional personnel; develop creative, with excellent research and development capabilities researchers; training with outstanding teaching and research capacities of the university teachers; training to support the knowledge society in various fields, have advanced knowledge of quality talent.
To this end, the Ministry of Education provides funding annually through the construction of the world's top national university research base level of education, training young scholars and future academic leaders. Meanwhile, the Japanese government and universities also offer scholarships through the allowance for economic rescue or research methods to help students and young scholars at a relatively stable environment to complete their studies and research, for example, Kyoto University in 2009 launched a program called "Project browed "the personnel training system, designed to provide outstanding young talent jobs, and help them concentrate on research. The project will build "a new generation of researchers" training center, by the eminent persons responsible for the selection of school personnel.
Combining production to ensure the diversity of talent
Expand opportunities for female researchers working in the international competition is an important strategic victory
Japanese government also encouraged higher education institutions and high-level joint training of industry personnel. For example, the Kyushu University in 2009 with Japan, "Aerospace Exploration Agency," signed a cooperation agreement, both sides will in the universe, engineering and aviation technology and other fields conduct a joint research and development, and through the Graduate School offer seminars, etc. cultivate professional talents . The Government of Japan believes that combining production training has the advantage of high-level personnel: a long-term training system to facilitate communication between universities and enterprises and coordination; improve their practical ability, training to adapt to changing social needs and talents; through the creation of new industries to activate the economy.
To enhance national competitiveness and to ensure diverse talents, the Japanese government also attaches great importance to the work of female researchers the opportunity. The survey shows that in 2008 Japanese universities and companies the proportion of women researchers in science and 13%, and the United States 34.3%, Italy 29.9%, compared to 27.8% in France at a low level. Japan Ministry of Education that, if allowed the loss of excellent female researchers, in Japan at a disadvantage in international competition. To this end, the University of Tokyo, Tohoku University, have been opened by the school funding nursery schools and other facilities, and Shizuoka University, Kobe University, but also to ensure that female researchers assisted configured parenting time research assistant, aware of the government and the school Founder expanding opportunities for female researchers than social welfare work, but to win in international competition is an important strategy.
Adopt preferential measures to attract top talent from overseas
The number of foreign students in Japan from the current 12 million to 30 million expansion
The face of low fertility, population aging and thinning of the local population, the Japanese government realized the need to develop national strategies to attract top talent from overseas, to encourage universities and research institutions to employ foreign teachers, by improving the research environment and improve the treatment, etc. encourage expatriate researchers to maximize the potential in all areas of scientific research results. Japanese government also plans to offer a number of senior personnel from overseas incentives, including: streamlining the issuance of visas and application procedures for re-entry permits to shorten the time required to apply for permanent residency in Japan in length of residence and so on. Japanese Ministry of Justice is also working with the Ministry of Economy in consultation meetings and other related departments, programs enable the "scoring system" for foreign scholars, technicians and operators of research, education and so the score, get a certain score as overseas applicants "high-end talent" to enjoy the preferential policies in Japan a permanent residence permit.
Japanese government also attaches great importance to foreign students played the role of communication, as is the future of foreign students in Japan to strengthen friendly relations with all countries of valuable talent. To this end, the Japanese government plans to further expand the scale of receiving foreign students by simplifying immigration clearance and other measures, will be the number of foreign students in Japan from the current 12 million to expand to 30 million people.
According to the Japanese government proposed a plan departments, universities and Japanese embassies and consulates in various countries to cooperate in Japan to study creation of advisory services to countries in the window; increase in applicants to go by before you can obtain English or Japanese, admission test scores The number of universities; allow 30 universities offer English classes for foreign students and to give credit courses; to expand the scale of employment of foreign teachers: to promote the implementation of the system in September enrollment.
In addition, the Japanese government to make students stay in school, but also actively provide them with accommodation, counseling and other life help and encourage Japanese companies to employ foreign students so that they can make a difference in the Japanese society.