The person in charge of the Foreign Trade Division of the Ministry of Commerce on the development of foreign trade "12" Planning "A reporter asked
In April 2012, the Commerce Department issued a "foreign trade development" 12th Five-Year Plan "(hereinafter referred to as the" Plan "). In order to facilitate public understanding of "planning" the person in charge of the Foreign Trade Division of the Ministry of Commerce recently accepted a reporter to interview, "planning", answered reporters' questions.
Q: Please tell us about "planning" introduced the background
A: "Eleventh Five-Year" period, China's foreign trade positive change in the mode of development, to respond effectively to the international financial crisis has made tremendous development achievements. 2010, import and export volume reached $ 2.97 trillion, more than "15" end doubled, world ranking rose from three to two, one of which exports, imports 2. "Eleventh Five-Year" period, China's export commodity structure continue to optimize and further improve the degree of trade facilitation, trade balance improved significantly, market diversification has made new progress, the further release of private business activity, foreign trade institutional mechanism has been improved. China's foreign trade has made important contributions to promote stable and rapid development of the national economy.
"12th Five-Year" period, a crucial period for China's big trade power forward, is the transformation of foreign trade development in the crucial period of national economic and social development of foreign trade development, higher demands, the development of foreign trade is facing new challenges and opportunities . We have encountered challenges including the global economic slowdown, the national trade protectionism, the main currency exchange rates and commodity prices more volatile, with different types of competition intensified; overall increase in operating costs of the domestic, foreign trade more difficult to restructure the innovation capability of the foreign trade enterprises and enterprises in developed countries the gap significantly. We also face a number of development opportunities, one will remain in-depth development of economic globalization, global trade continues to enlarge, further growth of international trade within the industry, low-carbon economy to create new business opportunities; is the comprehensive advantages of the domestic export industries remain emerging new trade growth points, the Midwest and along the border region's foreign trade growth momentum is strong. Overall, "12" is still an important strategic opportunity period of China's foreign trade, while facing an even more severe and complex to maintain stable development difficult.
In this context, the unity of thinking, the human resources to guide local, industry do "steady growth, adjusting structure, promoting balance," the work of the three center to promote the "five-second" China's foreign trade during the stable and rapid and sustainable development, in October 2009, the Ministry decided to prepare the plan.
Q: "Planning the preparation taken a long time, introducing its main process
A: The "planning" is the history of the development of foreign trade on the foreign trade of special five-year plan, the Commerce Department the preparation attaches great importance. May-August 2010, completed the first draft. September-October 2010, be modified according to the opinions and suggestions of the competent commercial departments of provinces, autonomous regions, the formation of the exposure draft. From November 2010 to August 2011, extensive solicitation of Development and Reform Commission and other 11 ministries, 37 provincial competent commercial departments, six Import and Export Chamber of Commerce, the views of relevant experts and scholars of the field of foreign trade and economic right mentioned in more than 100 reviews adequately studied, the absorbed on the basis of the manuscript. In September 2011, the experts will demonstrate and through the manuscript. In October 2011, February, 2012, according to the instructions of Premier Wen Jiabao, the manuscript of "planning" further modification and improvement, strive to more the prominent Wenzhongqiujin total tone and steady growth, adjusting structure and promoting balance three centers. In March 2012, the Commerce Department 62 of the Ministry of Works will be examined and approved the final manuscript. In April 2012, the Commerce Department issued a formal "plan."
Q: Please tell us about the main content of the "planning"
A: "planning" the sub-development of foreign trade new starting point, the new situation of foreign trade development, the guiding ideology of the foreign trade development, the basic principle and the development of the target, the main task of the development of foreign trade and the development of foreign trade protection measures five most of, a total of about ten thousand words.
Part of the new starting point "for the development of foreign trade, the main analysis of China's foreign trade for an active role in stimulating national economic growth, import and export scale, the structure of export commodities, the expansion of imports, balanced and coordinated development, market diversification, management, institutional mechanisms for the six aspects of system Review of the foreign trade development achievements over the past five years, and briefly pointed out there are still outstanding issues in the current foreign trade development.
The new situation of the foreign trade development section, mainly in close connection with foreign trade of their own development characteristics, were analyzed from the point of view of both international and domestic challenges and opportunities facing the development of China's foreign trade in the next five years. The correlation analysis with reference to the "Economic and Social Development The 12th Five-Year Plan" and "Business Development Twelfth Five-Year Plan" overall judgment on the domestic and international economic and social situation.
"Foreign trade development guiding ideology, basic principles and objectives" section, put forward the guiding ideology of the foreign trade development in the next five years, and developed the basic principles and objectives of the development of foreign trade. Which the development goals, including steady growth and promoting balance to make substantive progress to further optimize the structure of import and export commodities, the development of more sophisticated spatial layout, and international competitiveness will increase markedly four.
The main task of the development of foreign trade (total 17): stable growth in foreign trade to adjust the structure of trade (export industry and commodity structure, business entities structure, mode of trade structure), to promote trade balance and optimize the spatial layout of the six areas (international market layout, domestic regional distribution), promote the base, platform and network construction (transformation and upgrading of bases, international business platform, international marketing network), to promote the "go global" carry trade.
Development of foreign trade protection measures proposed eight, improve foreign trade management system and policies, improve the foreign fiscal and tax policies, improve the foreign financial governance, improve the system of international trade laws and regulations to strengthen the trade friction response to strengthen bilateral economic and trade cooperation and improve trade level of facilitation, strengthening foreign trade work of personnel training.
Q: average annual growth rate of import and export of "planning" was significantly lower than the actual growth in recent years, talk about one of the main considerations
A: The "plan", the "12th Five-Year" period, the average annual import and export volume increased by about 10%, to reach about $ 4.8 trillion in 2015; the average annual total import and export of mechanical and electrical products increased by about 10%, 2015 about $ 2.5 trillion. The growth rate of these two indexes are lower than actual growth in recent years.
Country's development goals, it is necessary to consider the historical basis, but also take into account future space; it is necessary to consider the steady and rapid development, but also taking into account the efficiency and structure. According to this idea, we take full account of the "Eleventh Five-Year" period of development of foreign trade rate (import and export an average annual increase of 15.9%, of which exports 15.7%, imports 16.1%) and "12" period of severe and complicated development of foreign trade situation based on, follow the principle of "actively and steadily, leaving room to develop the import and export growth. The objectives reflect the basic requirements for the development of foreign trade must be faster than the speed of development of the national economy, is also expected to be higher than the average growth rate of world merchandise trade.
Q: Next, the Commerce Department is prepared to carry out those follow-up
A: First, do the publicity work of the "planning", to guide and promote local, and various industry organizations with reality, and a variety of ways to implement them.
The track "planning" to implement the situation, conscientiously sum up and actively promote throughout the industry to implement the successful experiences and practices of the "planning".