Business areas of standardization (Trial) "Interpretation of
To strengthen the standardization work in the field of business, to improve the standardization of the legal system, the level of standardization, May 8, 2012, the Commerce Department issued the business areas of standardization (Trial) "(hereinafter referred to as" Regulations ") hereby issues related to read as follows:
A "management approach" to develop background
The business areas of standardization work is to change the mode of business development, the technical foundation of the business of scientific development, and strengthen sector management to enhance business management and service level of standardization to better meet the needs of the people, improve administrative efficiency, and so important in guiding and supporting role . "Eleventh Five-Year" period, the Commerce Department issued a total of 420 number of the standard project plan, the cumulative release of industry-standard 398, the standard rate of 95% complete, the fastest period of the business areas of the pace of standards development. Through the implementation of the standards, to effectively regulate the management and operations and the market order, improve the business areas related industries, the overall competitiveness of the enterprise. The standardization of basic, guiding role in promoting business development in the growing, part of an important industry standard has become the preparation of related industries, development planning, formulate rules and regulations reference.
Second, the "management approach" to develop the need for
1997 and 1999, the former Ministry of Domestic Trade, Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation part promulgated the "Implementation Measures of the Ministry of Domestic Trade Standardization Administration of the foreign trade sector standardized management approach" (hereinafter referred to as the "two way"), the effective promotion the field of domestic trade and foreign trade standardization in the field of construction. In recent years, with the rapid development of China's commercial business, new industries are emerging gradually increasing, Commerce standardization work in the areas of business standardization in the field of epitaxial continue. The same time, institutional reform, the functions of the adjustment, the system changes and other factors, the competent department of commerce standardization in the field has also undergone major changes in the standard formulation of the main business areas and to establish procedures to be adjusted, resulting in the development of the two options were not suited to the reality needs. To this end, the Commerce Department started timely formulation of the "management approach" aimed at forming a unified, consistent with the industry's actual departmental regulations.
Third, the "management approach" main content
Management approach seven chapters forty-four, including general principles, standardized management, business standards in the field of project standards, the standard for approval, publish and review the implementation and supervision of standards and by-laws. "Management approach" content on the whole with the relevant provisions of the Standardization Law and its implementing rules were refined, combined with the industry, the actual situation and development trend of standardization work in the field of Commerce has made a number of innovative provisions.
Fourth, the scope of application of the "management approach"
Applicable to the specific administrative act of view, the "management approach" applies to the whole process of the standardization work in the field of Commerce, including the development and revision of the standards of the commercial field, organization and implementation of standards of business areas, the implementation of the business standard in the field of supervision and other aspects.
Applicable to the object point of view, the "management approach" detailed provisions of the main responsibilities of the Ministry of Commerce, local competent department of commerce, business related professionals in the field of Standardization Technical Committee / technical focal point unit, a clear vertical linkage among the various departments, coordinate with the way and procedures.
Preparation and adjustment of the five business areas of standard items of the annual plan
The Commerce Department based on industry needs and the need for regular development of the annual plan of the business areas of the standard project. And clear according to the standard categories of its specific formulation and revision procedures. Business areas of the standard project task plan "approved industry standards, the Commerce Department to the project applicant issued contain standard project name, the focal point to assume the contents of the units, for a period (hereinafter referred to as the" mission plan "). Task plan can be adjusted in certain circumstances, involve additions and content changes and revocation, but the adjustment has not been approved by the relevant standards drafting party should still be executed as planned.
Six business areas of the standard formulation of the project period
In order to improve the efficiency of the business areas of the development of standards, the "management approach" made it clear that the time limit for the drafting of the standard. First, the standard drafting party should plan to complete the task, and report regularly to the drafting of the progress of the Commerce Department reporting standards. Secondly, in exceptional circumstances approved by the Commerce Department, may be on the drafting of the extension. The same standards the project can apply for an extension of 1, may be extended up to one year. Such as standard drafting fails to complete the drafting of the standard items will be automatically revoked.
Seven business areas standards should be open for comments
Take into account for a wide range of business areas standards, influence, especially the part of the standard required by law to enforce features. "Management approach" provides standards-making process to solicit opinions. The transmission range of the standard exposure draft should include the production, management, research, testing (certification), quality supervision, distribution, use, and other units. Mandatory standards of the feedback is generally not less than 40 copies of the recommended standards of the feedback is generally less than 30 copies. In addition to the statutory does not open the case, the standard of all business areas should be open for comments.
Eight business areas of the standard review
To improve review efficiency, "Measures for the Administration under the standard of review the meeting review or Hanshen of two ways can be taken. In order to ensure objectivity and fairness of the review involves a wide range of criteria should be meeting to review the way staff participating in the review of the conference should include the relevant fields of production, distribution, use, research, testing, technical, economic, impact on the life of the masses, ( certification), on behalf of which the use of representatives of at least participate in the review of 1/4, to review the total number of not less than 9 people.
Nine, the approval of the business standard in the field of
In accordance with the provisions of the Standards Act, the "management approach" explicit approval of the principal of the business standards in the field of national standards approved by the administrative department for standardization under the State Council and published; industry standards released by the Commerce Department for approval and the State Council in charge of standardization department for the record .
Ten, the standard of review of business areas
Meet the actual needs of the development of the industry is to ensure that the standards of business areas, business areas of "management approach" industry standards should be promulgated and implemented three years after the organization timely review. The review should be combined with the actual current standards remain in force, amend or repeal the review opinions.
11, business areas of the implementation of standards
"Management approach", the recommended standards of the business areas of mandatory standards and laws, administrative regulations of the business areas must be implemented, prohibit the production, sale and import of products or services does not meet the mandatory standards.