Jiang Zengwei, vice minister of speech in the 2012 pilot of the National meats and vegetables flow back system at the work site
Today, we held in Chengdu, Meat flow back system construction site meetings, the main task is to summarize the last two years of pilot work, exchange of experience, research to solve problems, to better promote the next step. Just now, Comrade Fang Aiqing on behalf of the Ministry of Commerce signed a contract with the third batch of pilot cities for the work experience part of the city mayors and business representatives from different angles, made a good speech, very instructive, it is worth learning from. Here, I first of all on behalf of the Ministry of Commerce, thanked the mayor and the Ministry of Finance, Comrade. Your busy schedule to attend the meeting, shows the attach great importance to this work provides an important guarantee for the success of the pilot.
Recently, the State Council convened the 208th executive meeting of the research and deployment to further strengthen food safety, made a series of important decisions required to accelerate the food safety electronic traceability system construction. Today we convene site meetings, is to implement the spirit of the State Council executive meeting, to further deepen the Meat flow back system, and contribute to comprehensively improve the level of China's food security.
Now, I mainly combined with the spirit of the State Council executive meeting, as well as the progress of this work and next steps, a few comments.
A, experimental work achievements and experience
In 2010, facing a serious food security situation, determined to better fulfill the flow of food safety industry, management responsibilities, the strong support of the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Commerce official launch of the Meat circulation traceability system in two batches of 20 pilot city. 2012 new 15 pilot cities, initially covering the municipalities, separately listed cities and capital cities. The past two years, under the strong leadership of the Government of the pilot cities, the strong support of the departments concerned, in accordance with the uniform requirements around, the actual local situation, the scientific program of work, an effort to strengthen job security, and push forward the work has made important progress . At present, Shanghai, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Qingdao, Wuxi, the initial completion of the tracing system, runs well, paying off early in the following aspects.
- To create popular works. The Government of the pilot cities have been included in the the Meat circulation retrospective system for tangible things works, set up a special lead agency, part of the city the person in command by the "number one" mayor formulated to promote the program, convened to promote the meeting, led by the municipal government to come forward to mobilize deployment. Arrange special matching funds to the municipalities and target responsibility assessment and supervision of the notification mechanism, focus on the people welcome the reassurance project building efforts to enhance the credibility of the government.
- Boost consumer confidence. With traceability system, consumers know the meat, vegetables sources, a problem to find those responsible, will enhance consumer confidence, increase consumer willingness. Chengdu meat traceability system is running, the relatively large increase in slaughter slaughtering and wholesale market transaction volume. Shanghai agricultural products wholesale market establishment of meat traceability system, access standards greatly improve, but trading volume rise, not fall, increased from a daily average of 40 tons to 300 tons, the maximum reached 650 tons, has more than 200 The markets opened more than 1,100 chain stores and brand management.
- To promote business integrity. After the completion of the tracing system, in the event of food safety issues, you can quickly locate, find the "curse" for the first time, resulting in market Forced role, forcing the production and management to enhance food safety and sense of responsibility and integrity awareness to actively implement the food safety management system from the source to improve the quality and safety of agricultural products. Shanghai after the completion of the traceability system, the "lean" detection rate has decreased year by year. Ningbo City in a timely manner pesticide residue test results by the traceability system back to the producing areas, prompting growers the reasonable control of drugs, fertilizer use, in recent years, the stock market vegetables pass rate rising.
- Innovative forms of regulation. Traceability system construction, government departments to provide accurate and timely monitoring platform, to improve government efficiency and service levels. Chengdu relevant departments of the traceability system, cyber patrol field checks, real-time the Meat circulation state, greatly improving the efficiency of supervision, from the local regulatory supervision to full coverage, sector regulation to social participation, one-way regulators to two-way regulation, human supervision to technical supervision, extensive monitoring to fine regulation "five changes". Shanghai business sector take the initiative to docking with the department of commerce, will be whether to build a traceability system as a precondition for industrial and commercial registration of the enterprise.
Promote the pilot work around, and strive to overcome all difficulties, local conditions to explore, and accumulated some experience and practice, it is worth seriously sum up and promote.
(A) to explore effective propulsion mode to ensure that the experimental work carried out smoothly.
Businesses and operators are positive and active participation, restricting the pilot process and effectiveness. The cities in this regard-depth exploration of some of the better mode. The first is to promote the use of administrative measures. Chengdu, the provisions of the wholesale market, not build a traceability system, it is not included in the urban commercial network planning. Shanghai provisions of meat wholesale markets, large supermarkets to be built traceability system are allowed to purchase pig products from other provinces and cities. The second is policy guidance. Hangzhou Fiscal arranged since 2011, 23.4 million yuan, 150 farmers' markets in the urban area in accordance with the retrospective work to give a different amount of funding at the same time, transactions through electronic scales vegetables per kilogram subsidy of 0.1 yuan. Urumqi, retrospectively, bundled with other supportive policies, and will build traceability system as a prerequisite for the enjoyment of other policies. The third is a win-win situation, solve business concerns to obtain corporate support. Wuxi City, Internet of Things technology upgrade to slaughter the corporate pipeline, so the appearance of the automatic transmission of information from the approach to help companies achieve the internal management of intelligent. Qingdao, Kunming and other places in the retrospective design, as far as possible taking into account the business needs and traceability requirements, not only solve retrospective problems, and help enterprises to enhance their management capabilities, to achieve "win-win". The fourth is the use of market-oriented measures. Xuhui District, Shanghai will use the tracing system written into the lease contract, the relationship of business operators do not perform to cancel the lease; Jiang Yang wholesale market on the installation of the business operators using the traceability system, the implementation of the free of IC card fee, parking fees, concessions; agricultural products center wholesale market, the introduction of commercial insurance companies to provide insurance for the safety of pork can be traced back, the maximum payment amounted to 5 million, to increase trust, so that the consumer confidence.
(B) vigorously transform the infrastructure to improve the traceability system conditions.
Chengdu in 2011 to invest 40 million yuan, vigorously implement the slaughtering plant consolidation and restructuring and standardization of the construction of standardized markets. Kunming, 2011 in the main city of 300 new community fresh direct sales markets. Chengdu, Kunming and banks to explore slaughtering enterprises, wholesale markets advanced electronic clearing system, it requires both the transfer and settlement, cash access and other basic functions, but also provides consumer finance, payment, micro-loans and other features services, so a retrospective card, debit card, return the card more than one card, by the enterprises and business households welcome. Urumqi, the implementation of the traceability system and slaughter management, Meat reserves, the insurance market for the "four combinations", invested 106 million yuan to establish a direct point of 423 community vegetable non-staple food, all included in the retrospective pilot. Around with the trace system, also contributed to the pilot enterprises for technological innovation, improve food safety management capacity, improving the conditions to fulfill their social responsibilities. Jiang Yang agricultural products wholesale market in Shanghai has invested more than 4650 million, will open open-air market place into a closed transaction greenhouse, the establishment of specialized information, monitoring and testing center, the transformation of the access control system approach, the transaction to leave the whole process monitoring.
(C) the development of standards regulate the procedure, efforts to improve the quality of bidding.
The Commerce Department has developed a special construction specifications and technical standards, the content and requirements of the unified around the retrospective system; also with the Ministry of Finance issued guidance to clear the project contractor for enterprise qualification. Various cities adhere to the standard operation, seriously bidding in accordance with the statutory conditions and procedures to ensure fairness, to prevent the occurrence of illegal activities. Harbin City, take the scene by drawing lots to determine the procurement on behalf of the early participants all evaded by the supervision departments, seeks to extract the expert judges, bid opening, evaluation and on-site full supervision. Part of the city is still to ensure that legally operate under the premise, to explore innovative tender. Shanghai organize the city's vegetable traceability electronic scales finalists bidding, the county from the list of finalists to determine the respective suppliers, and procurement of the specific number and price. Chengdu, according to the wholesale segment, explore the self-tender according to uniform standards offered by the market square, self-construction, government acceptance, reward change government procurement corporate purchasing. Qingdao City will be bidding and technology research and development in close connection with the tender process to overcome technical difficulties, research and development equipment, shorten equipment setting time control of the project cost savings of 10% higher than budget.
(D) improve the operation guarantee mechanism to ensure the effective operation of the tracing system.
Shanghai to explore the use the government to purchase a service through open tender or pre-qualification form, preferred to determine the standardized markets operation and maintenance of professional service providers, providing a 365 days around the clock maintenance services, municipal and district levels of government share the operation and maintenance costs. Xuhui District will also be included in the traceability system to use the selected range of star farms, on the utilization rate of less than 90%, cancel the selection of qualifications. Hangzhou City, the establishment of a traceability system operation reporting and evaluation system, and regularly informed of monthly credit card rate of various markets, oversee the inspections rates and other indicators, and quantitative assessment by the end of the year, to be the appropriate reward of advanced enterprise and business households. Ningbo City in accordance with the principle of combining hierarchical management and territorial management, rational division of the district (county) government, the business sector, market managers, stall operators households the main operation and maintenance duties, and operation and maintenance costs included in the government budget.
Second, the current pilot work problems and deficiencies
In summary Meat flow back system effectiveness and experience at the same time, we should also see, there are still some problems and deficiencies in the experimental work, some of them must pay close attention, experimental work has not been fully achieve the intended purpose.
(A) around the uneven progress of work, there is great potential to be tapped.
In addition to individual cities, each city pilot overall progress is slow, the work is very uneven. The first city in Chongqing and Nanjing in early 2012 completion of the tender, a few cities not yet completed the task of traceability system. The second batch of cities, Tianjin, Shijiazhuang, Haikou has not yet completed the tender. From the provincial level, the provinces of Jiangsu, Shaanxi has taken the lead in self-pilot, but many provinces and cities have no action.
(B) of the City hardware and software technologies immature, unstable system operation.
Mainly: the software is not high degree of intelligence, urban single-platform functionality is not close to the traceability system operation and distribution industry management needs; integration of transaction machines, traceable electronic scales and other hardware failure, high failure rates; hardware and software match, resulting in unstable operation of the traceability system and uploaded to the central platform of the data is not standardized, incomplete, in addition to some business households are not accustomed to use retroactive equipment constraints traceability.
(C) of the urban circulation infrastructure is not complete.
No power in some cities in the wholesale market stalls, backward transactions on credit prevalent, the implementation of electronic settlement is very difficult. In some cities, the wholesale market is the relocation of the traceability system will not start. In some cities, a small number of standardized markets, while existing farmers' markets and community markets, poor facilities, the task of transformation is very heavy. In addition, some cities in the circulation industry management infrastructure is weak, and the government lack the necessary influence.
On these issues, we must attach great importance to carefully study and analyze promptly take effective measures to solve the environment and conditions needed to ensure that a national traceability system to ensure that the overall advancement of the national traceability system "a game of chess.
Third, to further enhance the sense of responsibility and urgency, strive to create a new situation
Food safety is a major livelihood issues, the masses of the health and safety of life, relationships, social harmony and stability. Jointly with the city, and vigorously promote the the retrospective Meat circulation system, using the means of information useful to try to address food security issues, is a convenience and benefit of a major cause of a government concern and media attention, people benefit a great thing. CPC Central Committee and State Council attach great importance. 2012 Central Document No. 1, the domestic trade development planning and vegetables industry planning a number of national "12th Five-Year Plan, and the Office of the State" on the strengthening of fresh agricultural products circulation system, food safety work in 2012 points "and other important documents, stressed the need to strengthen the traceability system. The decision of the State Council executive meeting on the strengthening of food safety, will also accelerate the construction of food safety information as an important part. The decision of the State Council, we have put forward a new and higher requirements for us to do the next step pilot pointed out the direction to provide more effective support. Next, we should focus on the following aspects:
(A) effectively play the role of the Leading Group, the formation of a concerted push forward the situation.
Today, we signed with the mayors about the formal legal determination of the Commerce Department with the cooperation of the city. Here, I asked the city government must resolutely implement the spirit of the State Council executive meeting, strict compliance with the protocol requirements of the work on their agenda into the "basket" Mayor of responsibility and food safety overall framework to promote pay close attention to set up a strong organization and leadership and management mechanisms, and improve accountability mechanisms and to establish stable funding for investment and protection mechanism, and make sure the organization and leadership in place, the responsibility to put in place, matching funds are in place. Done a good job early, many cities in this regard, in some places also expanded the retrospective varieties, start a retrospective of the aquatic products, fruits, I feel good. In food security is to cover, or one percent of the risk of evolving into a one hundred percent of the social problems. Also, I asked the first two batches of the city government to pay more attention to effectively play the role of the Leading Group, to take more effective measures to promote strong. I would also like to emphasis is that the pattern of the entire traceability system, the provincial department of commerce nexus is critical and must effectively assume responsibility, and enhance global awareness and sense of responsibility. To strengthen the overall planning, and actively seek the relevant policies, choose a qualified pilot cities; pilot also has to consider the conditions, the condition is temporary does not have to first make the necessary pre-development work, lay the foundation. After the selection of a good pilot cities to track in the end, in funding, policy support and guidance in the business. To carry out supervision and management responsibilities, in conjunction with the financial sector to strengthen the pilot cities for project implementation, supervision and inspection of the use of funds, the organization of a good examination and testing to ensure the quality of projects, be sure to do it well. Recently, the Commerce Department issued the document, deployed to carry out the check of the 2011 central finance projects. I want to emphasize is that the disbursement of funds in place, the place to effectively assume regulatory responsibility.
(B) To make breakthroughs in key and difficult to remove barriers to trace the system.
First, we must pay close attention to the R & D breakthroughs, breakthroughs in technical difficulties. To step up to deploy the software developers, hardware vendors and systems integration companies to conduct joint research, escalating to optimize the traceability software, to improve the retroactive equipment performance, improve operational stability. The Commerce Department through the development of new technical standards, and the refinement indicator parameters, sum up the results of exploration, curing the first cities to ensure that the follow-up pilot cities according to standard operating, purchasing mature and reliable, affordable hardware and software products. The second is to increase efforts to transform distribution facilities as soon as possible to meet the traceability system needs. To the introduction of specific policy measures to promote the construction of fresh agricultural products circulation system, with particular focus on audit clean up, standardized wet markets or supermarkets construction of slaughtering enterprises. We must focus on the pilot enterprises to transform necessary for the admission facilities and circuits, network infrastructure, with emphasis on the wholesale market, slaughtering enterprises, electronic settlement system.
(C) To strictly implement the standards, to ensure that retroactive management platform interoperability.
Construction specifications and relevant technical standards developed by the Commerce Department is a unified, to avoid fragmented, the basis of national interoperability. First, the localities must resolutely carry out the never allow discounts. In particular, the first city, we must concentrate on the local implementation of the relevant standards to assess the situation, found inconsistent with the Commerce Department standards, they should immediately upgrade. Secondly, we must grasp the docking of the city platform and the central platform, formed a complete management system. The central platform and the city platform is an organic whole, up and down, through relying on each other and complement each other in order to play an integral utility. Around in a unified collection targets, uniform coding rules, unified transmission format, the specification on the basis of a unified interface, accelerating docking, with the central platform to ensure that relevant data can be uploaded to the central platform, continuously improve the integrity of the uploaded data, normative, as retroactive to lay the foundation to achieve the national inter-regional. Third, it is necessary to effectively improve the tendering exercise to strengthen the project implementation process quality control. Practice has proved that the standardized operation, openness and transparency is the most effective measures to improve tender. Around the tendering exercise must always be placed in the framework of the relevant laws and regulations to carry out a strict implementation of a unified qualifications, strict compliance with statutory conditions and procedures to ensure to be open, fair, equitable, transparent, and resolutely put an end to the illegal behavior. To take effective measures to enhance successful enterprise implementation of the project quality management, and enterprise behavior, so that on the basis of competitive prices to ensure project quality; for the implementation of poor quality, or related equipment, but the quality related to take the necessary disciplinary measures. I also hope that the market order by the Secretary under the spirit of the meeting today, combined with the experience and problems in the pre-tender throughout, adopting measures to strengthen the cities bidding guidance, to explore the national unity of the tender from national level to promote the improvement of the tendering exercise to strengthen the bidding management and project implementation, reduce project construction costs, shorten the project construction period, to enhance the effectiveness of projects.
(D) adhere to the government guidance, market-oriented operation, enterprises play the main role.
The enterprise is a traceability system, run the main, to assume the main responsibility and social responsibility, and consciously abide by the standard system, and actively build the traceability system of the enterprise to ensure the long-term run. Traceability system, it is necessary to adhere to the Government to promote, market-oriented operation, the comprehensive use of economic, legal, administrative and other means to mobilize the enthusiasm of all aspects of enterprise, not taking on everything from government departments. The one hand, to intensify mobilization efforts, strengthen the communication with the enterprise, and allow enterprises to fully understand the importance of traceability system. With the retrospective system, a problem can be found on the home, businesses can discharge its own responsibility, at the same time, if consumers are recognized traceability system, take the initiative to purchase the product can be traced back, the integrity of business enterprises will be able to get a better development opportunities. These reasons clearly explained, speaking to a thorough, businesses will naturally have a positive. On the other hand, have a special incentive and supervision measures, play a guiding role to the demonstration of the enterprise. Shanghai in the 2012 project to promote, explore transformed into "by the government-led enterprise with the government to promote the corporate body, the implementation of the Government's financial and enterprise 50-50's to carry out the retrospective system. This is a good idea to carefully draw.
(E) an extension to the source in a timely manner, to create a full-chain traceability system.
At present, the tracing system and the construction of the main covered circulation, in the long run, it is necessary to make efforts to solve the docking problem with the production processes, to create full-chain traceability system to ensure that the Meat quality can be traced from the source. Wuxi and other cities to play the functions of various departments, in accordance with food hygiene and safety chain management ideas, to strengthen supervision of the production of species of farmed link is a good way. Cities should be determined in accordance with the State Council executive meeting, and will be retroactive to closely combine the system with the construction of agricultural production base, promote the circulation enterprises and breeding base hook, quasi out of the production processes of convergence and market access, to solve The problem of the source of information. Vigorously in the circulation of the certificate and invoice, purchase and sales ledger system, strict verification inspection, to guide the production base or production areas to strengthen the quasi-management and source quality control. At present, the Commerce Department with the Ministry of Agriculture preliminary to reach a consensus this year to promote the whole process will speed up the traceability system, and strive to achieve a breakthrough.
(F) has greatly strengthened the daily operation and management to expand the traceability system function.
Traceability system can play the expected role, the key is to run. Put into trial operation starting from the traceability system is necessary and timely to shift the focus to strengthen the daily management and improve operational efficiency up. First, we must pay close attention to the operation and maintenance funds included in the government budget, and earnestly solve the security issues of funding. Tracing system and the role of amplification, the input must also keep up with. In accordance with central and local division of powers, the traceability system for the city government should be run by the city to protect. Secondly, we must establish a dedicated workforce to implement the operation and maintenance responsibility to ensure that hardware and software staff to maintain, and failure to timely detection and timely reporting, quick response, fast processing. Third, we must refine the evaluation to improve the evaluation mechanism, the introduction of the necessary incentives or punitive measures, and continuously improve the credit card rate, data upload rate. Fourth, we need around the retrospective need to improve on the basis of the core functionality, combined with the distribution industry management and food safety regulatory needs, expanding functionality, maximize traceability system utility.
(G) to ensure the quality of the premise in accordance with the uniform requirements of the Commerce Department to expedite progress.
Cities in accordance with the unified requirements and plans of the Ministry of Commerce, under the premise to ensure the quality of work, to ensure the function and operation of the quality of the traceability system, pay close attention to the progress of work. Examination and testing period, the first two batches of the city according to the Commerce Department to determine the progress of work inverted, effectively increase investment in personnel and financial resources to accelerate the progress of hardware and software installation and commissioning, ensuring on time to achieve the required coverage, and to achieve the desired traceability; the issues raised in the mid-term evaluation of the Commerce Department to pay close attention to rectification, and ensure the effectiveness of the experimental work. The third installment of the city to step up to carry out research to find out the real basis of the revised and improved work programs and technical programs; pay close attention to the establishment of the organization and leadership to determine the crack advance mechanism, grasp the work of mobilization and organization and implementation. Market Supervision to strengthen the inspection of each city, the steering, the slow progress of work to be criticized until the adjustment of pilot qualifications. Imperative to enhance the overall concept and establish a national "game of chess thinking, to consider the issue from the country as a whole, promoting the work.
Further promote the retrospective system, improve the meat and vegetable supply and quality of the level of security to promote the modernization of the circulation of agricultural products, is a glorious mission entrusted to us by the times, is a power in the great works of contemporary interest in future generations, is a country a good thing, the major event of the quality of the Chinese nation. Let's important decisions of the State Council executive meeting to provide guidance to the on-site meetings as an opportunity to seize the opportunity, pioneering and innovative, solid work, and good progress, quality, run off, and acceptance of customs and the use of funds off to ensure that retrospective The system is effective, to radically improve the food security situation in China, building a moderately prosperous society and work hard.