The decryption Kissinger unique perception of how to understand the Chinese people
Kissinger's view of China
"On China, Henry Kissinger's book, CITIC Publishing House.
Kissinger's new book "On China, eloquent than 600 pages, 18 chapters plus the foreword, afterword, both of China's historical recollections, reality is more narrative and Future Prospects. Kissinger diplomatic strategists, the main content of the book is about the interaction between the leaders of the two countries after 1949, such as one-sided foreign policy in the new China, the Korean War, Sino-US relations, the Taiwan Strait crisis of major diplomatic events.
Kissinger's comment on the ins and outs of these major events to their own experiences, clinker new again, many of these are discussed on the basis of speculation. However, in a sense, "On the Chinese novel and essence of the place is not here, and at the beginning and end of the book ends. Reading, especially to see the macro chapter huge book, can eat slowly, carefully worded to taste, of course the best, but if you have to see thick book thin, more areas of concern are often the beginning and end of the book. The first is the beginning of the book, have attractive conception; tail end of the book, have a pithy conclusion. Profundity of thought, "On China," a book can be described as Steller leopard tail, which Kissinger is the essence of the views and discussed about the particularity. Kissinger described the particularity of different with the United States, other countries can not be compared, it is difficult to easily understand its particularity is reflected in the many aspects of the history and culture strategy.
Historical particularity, Kissinger that China's historical heritage is as long and thick, the historical gene is so ingrained that the Chinese people often consider the issue from a historical perspective
Kissinger believes that particularity of China's first very long history. China is one of the oldest in the world in several countries, it is common knowledge. However, the long history of China, seems to be a starting point for the eternal natural phenomena. Yellow Emperor, a legendary Chinese ancestor, when China already exists. China was in chaos an order to kill each other, the various tribes, the Huang Diping given Quartet and became the emperor, but he was just rebuilt rather than create China. China seems to be always there, just constantly unity and revival, and do not need to create. 200 years BC Qin achieve unified, despite constantly shifting alliances, but China is basically formed a unified pattern, and has continued ever since. China's historical heritage is as old heavy, history gene is so deep-rooted that China's leaders often consider the issue from a historical perspective. Kissinger, Mao Zedong turned out to be the strategic thinking embodied in the historical events of more than a thousand years ago pointing national affairs, in which country are rare. Chinese people can get inspiration from the thousands of years of history the Americans only more than two centuries of history to draw on, there must be a subtle but profound difference between China and the United States.
Kissinger that the Chinese view of the world is quite unique. Ancient Chinese see themselves as the center of the world, there is no depth exchanges on the considerable success with another civilized society
For the Chinese culture, Kissinger believes that China's long history and Refining a special culture. Confucius is regarded as the originator of the Chinese Confucian culture, but Confucius claimed that he did not create new ethical code, but simply reverted lost era of unrest old ceremony. Westerners history as a process leading to the continuous improvement of the modern Chinese tradition is very different. China stressed the cycle, the cycle between the decline and revival. Chinese culture has withstood the test of thousands of years of natural disasters and civil strife foreign aggression, and continuously and become the miracle of the world civilization. Internally, the Chinese culture has become a symbol of Chinese civilization and legitimacy. The ever-changing types of regimes in the history of China, part or all of the conversion to the Chinese culture, in order to maintain their own legitimacy. Externally, the Chinese culture has a unique view of the world. The ancient Chinese see themselves as the center of the world, the whole world, Is the king of clay, the rate of soil Bin Could nobleman. Nations to learn about Chinese culture in the DPRK, obey the laws of nature. Thousands of years into the heyday never take the initiative, like other link with a vast history as old as the country or civilization had dealings. China, as a society, no civilized society considerable success with another depth exchanges. No cross-sea colonial even dismissive overseas territory. Zheng He does not have any ambition to conquer territory, did not get actual colony and resources, just to expand China's influence, show China's soft power. Powerful and prosperous in the history of China in the United States, played a pivotal role in the world. However, China is not like the United States is trying to promote its own values to the world. China is not exporting the concept but welcome others come to learn.
Kissinger Exploration of the Chinese people from the GO Culture, Art of War, Romance of Three Kingdoms unique strategic mindset
China's history and culture bears a special strategy. Kissinger from GO Culture, Art of War, Romance of Three Kingdoms Exploration of the strategic mindset of the Chinese people, especially Chinese focus on comparative advantage and focus on strategy, focus on the long-term strategy. Kissinger compare Chinese and Western strategy of chess and chess different. Chess is the center of gravity on the decisive On the athletic field, expand the board to decide the life and death. Go is a strategic encirclement of art, growing competition in the fight for a comparative advantage. "Art of War" is the central idea of the theory of the Chinese military. Grandson distinguish it from Western strategists the most important thing is to emphasize the psychological and political factors than military factors. Destruction from the unification of the Qin Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, China has been the center of the system in Asia. History since that is the central country, the East Asian system is the tributary system, rather than the rise of the European nation-state of the international system. China has been a long-term perspective on the history of failing to think twice. Chinese thinking is very good at strategic planning, development of medium-term objectives and long-term goals, and then move in that direction. Deng Xiaoping in 1992 "Southern Talk" stressed that the construction and consolidation of socialism even dozens of generations of hard work, very lamented: Kissinger is calculated from the Confucius also over 70 generations until now!
Interpretation of contemporary China's rise requires contemplation historical particularity
Kissinger believes that the interpretation of contemporary China's rise requires contemplation historical particularity. Historical experience, powerful and prosperous when Zhenfu neighbors, decline by dragging and wait for change to gain time to restore their great power status by virtue of the history and culture of the precipitation. China's strength is relatively weak, and therefore had to mediate in the triangular relationship with the United States and the Soviet Union two superpowers. Well aware of the situation of China after Deng Xiaoping's reform and opening up, repeatedly stressed the need to calm observation, composure, keeping a low profile, to develop their own. China's reform is not the pursuit of a utopian vision, but the building contains a comprehensive well-off society in Confucian connotation. Growing prosperity in China today is the world's second-largest economy, has the largest foreign exchange reserves. China already has enough self-confidence, and foreign policy can be implemented in accordance with the the actual strength rather than the long-term potential, the final strategic role. Goals advocated by China, however, is defensive in nature, is in accordance with their own steps to solve domestic problems, not trying to change his country's faith, not to the current system of the implementation of the country's overseas.
On "the end result is still to offer advice and suggestions for the current Sino-US relations
Kissinger as a diplomatic strategist, "On China," the end result is still the Sino-US relations today admonition and suggestions. The rise of great powers in China is bound to affect the world situation. This is some talk that China and the United States can not avoid the inherent conflict of the 21st century will be the century showdown between China and the United States a marathon. Kissinger, with the rise of Germany, the case of the outbreak of the First World War to analog world concerns about China's rise. Kissinger believes that history will not repeat itself. China is facing such a large domestic tasks, is unlikely to be easily, let alone take the initiative to participate in the strategic confrontation or the pursuit of world dominance. Kissinger said that Sino-US relations and cooperation between the world stability and peace is essential, the reason why the United States and China need each other, because the two countries are too large, it is not possible to be dominated by the others; too special, can not be transformed; too interdependent , can not afford to be isolated from one another. Sino-US relations need not nor should it become a zero-sum game. Sino-US relations should be co-evolution, rather than just the partnership. This means that the two countries should proceed from the national needs in the areas of possible cooperation, and to minimize conflict by adjusting the relationship between the two countries. Kissinger's vision of the future of Sino-US complex relationship, with a full Laojifuli play spirit.
Kissinger's "On China" reflects the politics, the background color from school and even from suppliers
The book as it were, a comprehensive and profound understanding of the "On China", can not help but talk about the life of Henry Kissinger. His family fled when Kissinger was born in Germany in 1923, the Jewish family, juvenile came to the United States, after a Ph.D. at Harvard University, and became a renowned professor at Harvard University. In 1969-1977, Henry Kissinger in the Nixon and Ford administrations, has served as national security adviser and secretary of state, during the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973. Kissinger's complex identity, both diplomatic strategist, and is a well-known scholar, or a successful businessman. "On China," a book reflects the shadow of these experiences. Balance of power diplomacy, are experienced, sophisticated elaboration book, the book regarded Kissinger politics, even from the background color. Of particular note is that the past 40 years, Kissinger has 70 times came to China, where 50 is the official visit 20 private visit, had seen Mao Zedong five times, 15 times seen Deng Xiaoping. Kissinger is known as "an old friend of the Chinese people, there is no doubt that Kissinger is known Chinese faction. Kissinger wrote quite fondly, "I increasingly admire the Chinese people admire their perseverance, subtle and meticulous sense of family, and they show Chinese culture. But we noted that, as Kissinger wrote in the preface of the book "On China", he "life from the perspective of an American to reflect on how peace-building", "I do not always agree with the point of view of the Chinese people, but we need to understand these ideas, because China will play a major role in the world in the 21st century.
(Wen-Zhao Tao of Renmin University of China the Marx School professor)