Efforts to achieve steady growth of exports and consumption growth and more - visit the Ministry of Commerce spokesman Yao Jian
This year, the Chinese economy is facing a complex and challenging environment, growing downward pressure. Exports and consumption, stimulate economic growth in the two carriages. How do I judged that the current export and consumption situation? Exports and consumption in the context of structural adjustment which progress? The country will take measures to stabilize exports, expand consumer? Around these hot issues, the Ministry of Commerce spokesman Yao Jian accepted an exclusive interview with Xinhua News Agency reporters on the 25th.
Q: Since the beginning of this year, China's exports and consumption growth situation how? Countries have taken measures to stabilize exports, promote consumption, how effective?
A: Since the beginning of this year, due to the world economic recovery is slowing down, a serious shortage of foreign demand, foreign trade be hit. The first three quarters of China's total import and export volume of $ 2.84 trillion, an increase of 6.2%. Among this, exports of $ 1.5 trillion, an increase of 7.4%, 15.3 percentage points lower than the same period last year.
Faced with the grim situation of foreign trade, China promptly introduced a series of policies and measures to promote the steady growth of foreign trade, optimize trade structure, to speed up the progress of the export tax rebate, to improve trade finance services, expand the coverage of export credit insurance, and raise the level of trade facilitation, relief import and export link charges.
Started to work with the national policy measures, China's foreign trade is showing slow in settling momentum. The scale of imports and exports reached 345 billion U.S. dollars in September, a record high; export growth rose to 9.9% from 1% and 2.7% in July and August.
From the domestic market, the employment situation is generally stable, the income of urban and rural residents, especially the rapid growth in the income of rural residents, social security intensified, and laid a solid foundation for the steady growth of consumption.
Commerce Department to speed up the construction of urban and rural distribution system, and implement policies to promote consumption of home appliances and other measures to carry out combat IPR infringement and selling counterfeit and shoddy goods special rectification for urban and rural residents to build a convenient, affordable, safe environment for consumption, and also to promote the consumption of stable development of the market.
The first three quarters, domestic consumption overall slow in stabilization trend, after deducting price factors, the total retail sales of consumer goods in China increased by 11.6% in real terms, an acceleration of 0.3 percentage points. Consumption to further enhance economic growth.
Q: In the grim situation, the progress of the transfer mode, adjust the structure of export and consumption?
A: the grim economic situation at home and abroad, this year China will continue to promote the transfer mode, adjust the structure of export and consumption ".
Since the beginning of this year, foreign trade structure was further optimized. General trade grew faster than processing trade, general trade import and export growth of 5.9%, of which exports increased 8.3%, while imports growth of 3.6%, higher than that of processing trade, 5.3 percent and 2.6 percent respectively. The rapid growth in exports to emerging markets, exports to ASEAN, Russia increased by 16.6% and 14.5%, respectively. The central and western regions of rapid export growth, an increase of 21.5% and 43.4%, respectively. The electromechanical products stable export growth, the growth rate reached 8.3%, 0.9 percentage points higher than the overall export growth rate during the same period. Own brand products in export markedly improved, and various types of export enterprises, with their own brand has reached about 20%.
Domestic consumption also presents some new bright spot, the rural consumption grew faster than urban: rural market distribution network has been strengthened. The first three quarters of the rural consumer retail sales increased by 14.4%, 0.4 percentage points faster than in the towns, cities and towns for the first time since 2010, more than. The second is to the city commercial infrastructure to further improve the stable sales of large-scale retail enterprises. The first three quarters, the enterprises above the retail sales of consumer goods grew by 14.4%, 0.3 percentage points faster than the growth rate of retail sales of social consumer. Third, the effect of promoting consumption of home appliances to the countryside policy. The first three quarters of bringing home appliances sales of 57.3 million units, achieved sales of 153.9 billion yuan, an increase of 12.1% and 21.6%, respectively, in accordance with the comparable caliber. Fourth, online retail, the rapid development of new commercial formats. Network retail sales grew 40.2% in the first three quarters, the growth rate is much higher than the physical stores.
Q: The next stage, the Ministry of Commerce will take measures to expand exports to boost domestic consumption? How the trend in the fourth quarter, exports and consumption?
A: The current environment facing the development of China's foreign trade is still grim complex, has not been fundamentally alleviated the problem of insufficient external demand, the demand on the international market is still in the doldrums, international competition further intensified trade frictions affect deepened. At the same time, the expansion of consumption is also facing some constraints need to be improved by deepening reform.
Next, the Commerce Department will be dependable growth in a more important position, co-ordinate domestic and international markets, and strive to achieve the export and consumption of steady growth and more growth.
The Commerce Department will continue to work with relevant departments to closely track changes in the situation, put in place to ensure that the policies and measures to promote the steady growth of foreign trade has been the introduction of. Take full advantage of Forced mechanism formed by the tightening market environment, accelerate the transformation of foreign trade growth, foster new advantages of foreign trade competition. In addition, the expansion of the domestic shortage of state-of-the-art technical equipment, key parts, and some of the tight supply of imports of goods, to promote the balanced development of foreign trade.
The Commerce Department will also continue to expand consumer demand as the strategic focus of expanding domestic demand, further release of urban and rural residents' consumption potential.
One is to improve the policy system. Highlighting the new consumer credit consumption, network consumption mode. Increase welfare circulation infrastructure investment, encourage private investment into circulation.
Second, the development of modern circulation. Optimize the network layout, to create a quarter of an hour convenience service circle of life. Innovative ways of distribution, to support the development of cold chain logistics, promote agricultural super-docking, docking of Agriculture grant. As the development of e-commerce, chain management, logistics and distribution, and other modern means of circulation, promotion and application networking, cloud computing and other advanced technologies.
Third, a good job of expanding consumption areas of focus. Vigorously the development of network consumption, the promotion of credit consumption, accelerate and promote the consumption of services, support the development of service industry the housekeeping, pension, culture, tourism, people's livelihood-oriented.
The fourth is to create a good environment for consumption. In the fight against infringement and counterfeiting action to rectify and standardize market order. Promote the construction of Meat flow back system, grasp the circulation of food and drug safety.
According to the current economic situation at home and abroad, are expected fourth quarter growth rate of China's foreign trade is expected to continue the upward trend in September, to maintain the average growth rate in the first three quarters, we will strive to maintain and expand our share in the global market.
In addition, with a series of "steady growth" measures put in place, will further stabilize the operation of the national economy, and to lay a solid foundation for the expansion of consumption. Accompanied by policy measures to expand domestic demand, in particular, to expand consumer demand to further improve and speed up the reform of the income distribution system, further improve the social security system will greatly enhance consumer willingness and confidence, combined with the end of shopping season approaching, business promotional efforts to increase consumer market in the fourth quarter, growth is expected to steadily.